Elias Zerhouni

Former Director, National Institutes of Health, US

Elias Zerhouni earned his medical degree in 1975 from the University of Algiers. After completing his residency in diagnostic radiology at Johns Hopkins in 1978 as chief resident, he was later named director of the Department of Radiology. During the following years, he rose rapidly within Hopkins, assuming additional duties as vice dean for clinical affairs and president of the Johns Hopkins Clinical Practice Association, vice dean for research and executive vice dean for the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine until his nomination as the 15th director of the NIH by the president of the United States with confirmation by the U.S. Senate in April 2002. Under his leadership, the NIH embarked on a number of initiatives, chief among them the Roadmap for Medical Research, designed to enhance synergy and collaborative work among all 27 NIH institutes and centers. Other new programs included those designed to foster high-risk but potentially high-impact research, and enhanced support for young career scientists.

Zerhouni now serves as a Senior Advisor to Johns Hopkins Medicine. He recently accepted a position as Senior Fellow for Global Health at the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. He also serves on the boards of the Lasker Foundation, Research America, the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, and the Mayo Clinic Foundation. He was elected a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies of Science in 2000.